Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease. It is characterised by a permanently elevated blood sugar level. It is often also referred to as diabetes. Diabetes is divided into type 1 and type 2.
Since type 1 diabetes usually begins before the age of 20, it is also known as “juvenile diabetes”. Type 1 diabetes is triggered by an autoimmune disease. In this case, the immune system attacks the body. The insulin-producing cells of the body are destroyed by the pancreas.
The most common form of diabetes mellitus is type 2, which usually begins after the age of 30 and is therefore nicknamed “adult-onset diabetes”. In some cases, however, young people can also be affected. Triggers for type 2 diabetes include obesity, lack of exercise and hereditary factors.