In order to keep the quality of life as high as possible despite the disease, insulin pumps are often used, especially in children. For this purpose, a thin needle is implanted in the abdominal fat and connected to a battery-operated insulin pump via a small tube. The small, programmable pump is equipped with an insulin reservoir and can be attached to a belt, for example.
Distributed throughout the day, the insulin pump releases defined amounts of insulin into the body’s fatty tissue. From here, the hormone reaches the rest of the body through small blood vessels. At the touch of a button, the patient can administer additional amounts at meals.
The insulin pump gives those affected a lot of freedom. It also takes a lot of pressure off children with diabetes, because the daily painful insulin injections are no longer necessary. The insulin pump can always be worn, even during sports or play. However, if necessary – for example, for swimming – the pump can also be disconnected for a short time.
The insulin pump is individually adjusted in a specialised diabetes practice or clinic. The insulin reservoir (cartridge) is replaced or refilled regularly.